Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) - Surya Hospitals
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Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a collection of physical, emotional, and behavioural symptoms that some women experience in the days preceding their menstrual cycle. These symptoms typically emerge a week or two before menstruation and diminish within a few days of the onset of menstruation. Surya Hospitals is a renowned gynaecology and obstetrics facility that specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of gynaecological problems, including premenstrual syndrome

What exactly is PMS?

PMS is a prevalent ailment that affects many reproductive-age women. It is believed that up to 75% of women may suffer at least one PMS symptom during their menstrual cycle, with 20-30% experiencing moderate to severe symptoms.

PMS causes

PMS has no established cause, however, it is assumed to be related to hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle. There is a fluctuation in oestrogen and progesterone levels that can induce a variety of physical and emotional problems. Stress, a poor diet, lack of exercise and underlying medical disorders such as depression or anxiety can all contribute to the onset of PMS.

PMS Signs and Symptoms

PMS symptoms differ from woman to woman and can range from mild to severe. The following are the most common PMS symptoms:

  • Changes in mood (such as impatience, anxiety, and depression)
  • Tenderness and swelling in the breasts
  • Water retention and bloating
  • Fatigue
  • Migraines and headaches
  • Cramps and pelvic discomfort
  • Food desires and appetite fluctuations
  • Acne

These symptoms often arise in the days leading to menstruation and fade shortly thereafter.

PMS Types

PMS is classified into two types:

  • PMS without an underlying Psychiatric Disorder: This type of PMS is distinguished by physical and emotional symptoms that manifest in the days prior to menstruation but do not interfere with daily activities.
  • PMDD (Premenstrual Dysphoria): PMDD is a more severe type of PMS that affects a small number of women. It is distinguished by strong emotional symptoms such as depression, anxiety, and irritability, all of which can have a substantial influence on daily activities and relationships.

PMS Diagnosis

There is no specific test for PMS. Your doctor may, however, request that you keep a period diary to follow your symptoms over multiple menstrual cycles. This can assist your doctor in determining if your symptoms are due to your menstrual cycle or whether there is an underlying medical disease causing them.

PMS Treatment

The severity of your symptoms and how much they interfere with your everyday activities determine how you treat PMS.

  • Mild symptoms may benefit from lifestyle modifications such as regular exercise, a nutritious diet, and stress management strategies such as yoga or meditation. Ibuprofen and naproxen, which are available on the market, can also help reduce cramps and headaches.
  • For moderate to severe symptoms, your doctor may advise you to use birth control tablets or other forms of hormone therapy. These therapies can help regulate your menstrual cycle and alleviate PMS symptoms.
  • Antidepressant medication may also be advised in cases of PMDD to help regulate emotional symptoms.

The Surya Hospitals has modern amenities to provide patients with the best possible care. In addition, the hospital offers a variety of services to help patients manage their symptoms and enhance their quality of life, such as counselling and support groups.

Surya Hospitals, in addition to medical treatment, provides holistic techniques for PMS management, such as yoga and meditation, which have been proven to be useful in lowering stress and managing symptoms. If you are suffering from PMS symptoms, it is critical that you consult with your doctor about your treatment choices.

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Our Specialists

Dr Khushboo Dudani


Consultant Obstetrics & Gynecology

1PM -9PM

Dr. Bharathy Rajesh

MD, DNB (Obstretrics and Gynaecology), DGO, Laparoscopic sterilisation Training (Family planning Association Of India), Endoscopic Training (Cemast)

Consultant Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Mon, Wed, Sat  : 6 pm to 8 pm

Dr. Soumil Trivedi

Fellowship in Laparoscopy Surgery, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery

Consultant Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Mon to Sat 7 pm to 9 pm

Dr. Shonir Pai

MS Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Consultant Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Mon- Sat 3pm -5 pm

Dr. Ketki Kulkarni

MD Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Consultant Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Mon, Wed Fri 8PM-10PM

Dr. Debarati Acharya

MD Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Consultant Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Mon to Sat 6 pm -8 pm

Dr. Meenakshi Rao

MD Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Consultant Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Mon, Wed ,Fri :- 11am- 1pm

Dr. Amrita Tandon

MS Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Consultant Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Mon – Fri 5PM-7PM

Dr. Aditi Tandon

M.B.B.S, M.S, Obsterics & Gynaecology

Consultant Obsterics & Gynaecology

Tue, Thu, Sat 10 am -12 pm

Dr. Shilpa Uppal Shah

DNB (Obstetrics and Gynaecology)

Consultant Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Mon - Sat : 1 pm - 3 pm