At Surya Hospital’s Hematology Clinic, we try to provide comprehensive care for patients suffering from a variety of blood disease. Coagulation disorders are a type of diseases that affects the capacity of blood to clot.
What exactly are Coagulation Disorders?
Coagulation disorders, often known as bleeding disorders, impair the body’s capacity to correctly form blood clots. When a blood vessel is injured, blood clotting, or coagulation, is required to stop bleeding. Coagulation problems can cause abnormal bleeding or clotting, which can lead to serious complications.
Causes of Coagulation Disorders
Coagulation disorders can be induced by a variety of reasons, such as:
- Genetic Factors: Some people are born with genetic coagulation diseases including haemophilia, von Willebrand disease, or uncommon clotting factor deficits.
- Acquired Factors: Certain medical problems, such as liver illness, renal disease, and autoimmune disorders, might interfere with the body’s normal clotting mechanism. Furthermore, long-term usage of some drugs, such as blood thinners, might result in coagulation abnormalities.
Types of Coagulation Disorders
Coagulation disorders are classified into several kinds, each with its own set of characteristics. The most prevalent types are as follows:
- Haemophilia: It is an inherited bleeding disorder caused by a lack of clotting factors, most commonly factor VIII (haemophilia A) or factor IX (haemophilia B). It causes prolonged internal and external bleeding.
- Von Willebrand Disease: Von Willebrand disease is the most prevalent inherited coagulation disorder. It is a bleeding condition that happens as a result of a lack or abnormalities of von Willebrand factor which is a protein involved in blood coagulation. It can result in continuous bleeding from the nose or gums, as well as significant bruises.
- Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC): DIC is a condition in which the clotting process in the blood becomes hyperactive, resulting in the production of tiny blood clots throughout the body. It leads to consume all clotting factors, so it leads to spontaneous bleeding. It is a very life threatening disease where there is excessive clotting and excessive bleeding happen simultaneously. It is frequently linked to serious infections, some malignancies, or pregnancy problems.
Coagulation Disorder Symptoms
Coagulation disorder symptoms vary based on the kind and severity of the condition. Some common warning signals to look out for are:
- Excessive bruising or easy bruising
- Frequently occurring nosebleeds
- Prolonged bleeding from small injuries or cuts
- Females who have heavy or extended menstrual bleeding
- The presence of blood in the faeces or urine
- Excessive bleeding following dental or surgical operations
Coagulation Disorders Treatment:
At Surya, we provide specialized care for coagulation disorders in our Bone Marrow Transplant Unit. Among the treatment options available are:
- Medication: Depending on the disease, drugs such as clotting factor concentrates, desmopressin, or antifibrinolytics may be recommended to improve blood clotting or avoid excessive clot disintegration.
- Replacement Therapy: Replacement therapy can be used to replace missing clotting factors in patients with severe clotting factor deficits.
- Supportive Care: We provide patients and their families with extensive assistance and information to help them manage their disease and avoid complications.
- Surgical Interventions: To address bleeding difficulties or prevent joint injury, surgical interventions such as port installation or joint surgery may be required in rare situations.
Coagulation problems can have a substantial impact on a person’s quality of life, but with proper diagnosis and management, individuals can live happy and normal lives. Our experienced team of healthcare specialists at Surya Hospital’s Hematology clinic are committed to provide comprehensive care for patients with coagulation disorders. If you detect any bleeding anomalies or have any concerns, please contact our experienced team for assessment and advice.
Remember that early diagnosis and adequate therapy are critical to effectively managing coagulation problems. Your health is our top priority, and we are here to help you every step of the way.