Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes - Surya Hospitals
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Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes

Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes


We at Surya vastly specialise in treating blood illnesses such as bone marrow failure syndromes. Bone marrow failure syndromes are uncommon, and their frequency varies with subtype. Aplastic anaemia, for example, is estimated to have an annual incidence of 2 to 5 cases per million population, but MDS has a higher prevalence, particularly in elderly people. 

What are Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes?

Bone marrow failure syndromes are a set of rare illnesses characterised by the bone marrow’s inability to create sufficient healthy blood cells. These syndromes interfere with the synthesis of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets, resulting in a variety of health problems.

Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes Causes:

Bone marrow failure syndromes can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Some bone marrow failure diseases are caused by inherited genetic mutations. Fanconi anaemia and Diamond-Blackfan anaemia are caused by inherited genetic abnormalities that disrupt blood cell formation and function.
  • Aplastic anaemia, myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), and paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) are examples of acquired diseases that can lead to bone marrow failure.
  • Certain chemicals, radiation, or poisons may have a role in the development of bone marrow failure disorders.

Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes are classified into the following categories:

There are several forms of bone marrow failure syndromes, each with its own set of causes and symptoms. Some examples of frequent types are:

  • Aplastic anaemia: It occurs when the bone marrow does not create enough red blood cells, white blood cells, or platelets.
  • Fanconi Anaemia: It is an inherited condition that affects numerous organs, including the bone marrow, resulting in anaemia i.e. a reduction in blood cell production.
  • Diamond-Blackfan Anaemia: This rare genetic illness predominantly impairs the synthesis of red blood cells, resulting in severe anaemia.
  • Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome: This syndrome affects several organs, including the bone marrow, resulting in diminished blood cell production.

Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes Symptoms:

The symptoms of bone marrow failure syndromes vary based on the type of illness and the blood cells affected. However, some frequent symptoms are as follows:

  • Weariness and weakness: A decrease in red blood cell formation can cause weariness, weakness, and shortness of breath.
  • Inadequate white blood cells make people more susceptible to infections, which can lead to recurring or severe infections.
  • A low platelet count can result in easy bruising, nosebleeds, gum bleeding, and persistent bleeding following minor injuries.
  • Pale skin and rapid heartbeat: Low red blood cell counts can result in pallor and a rapid or irregular heartbeat.
  • Bone pain and skeletal abnormalities: Some bone marrow failure disorders can cause bone pain as well as skeletal abnormalities such as malformations or low height.

Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes Treatment:

We provide a complete range of therapy options for bone marrow-failing diseases at Surya Hospital’s Bone Marrow Transplant facility. The specific treatment strategy will be determined by the kind, severity, and demands of the individual patient. Among the most prevalent treatment methods are:

  • Blood transfusions: To treat symptoms and enhance blood counts, transfusions of red blood cells, platelets, or other blood products may be delivered.
  • Medicines: Certain drugs may be prescribed to increase or decrease blood cell formation depending on the underlying aetiology of the condition of the immune system.
  • Stem Cell or Bone Marrow Transplant: A transplant may be considered for severe bone marrow failure diseases. To restore normal blood cell production, the defective bone marrow is replaced with healthy stem cells or bone marrow cells.

We provide ongoing supportive care, such as infection treatment, regular blood tests, and close monitoring of blood counts, to promote optimal health and well-being.

We recognise the impact of bone marrow failure syndromes on your health and quality of life at Surya Hospital’s Bone Marrow Transplant facility. Our expert staff is dedicated to providing accurate diagnosis, personalised treatment strategies, and continuing support throughout your journey. If you or a loved one have symptoms of bone marrow failure syndrome or need more information, please contact us. We can control the condition and improve your general well-being if we work together.

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Our Specialists

Dr. Ajay Narayan Sharma

MBBS, DNB Pediatrics, FNB (Pediatric Hemato – Oncology), Fellowship BMT

Consultant – Pediatric Hemato Oncology Treatment & Bone Marrow Transplant

By Appointment