Children are active and adventurous, frequently engaging in a variety of physical activities and play. Unfortunately, accidents happen, and fractures are one of the most common injuries that children suffer. Falls, sports injuries, and accidents can all result in fractures or fractured bones. This article will look at the five most prevalent forms of fractures in children, as well as their origins, symptoms, prevention techniques, and treatment choices. Read ahead to understand these fractures as it can assist parents in successfully recognising and managing these injuries, guaranteeing children’s optimal recovery and well-being with the help of pediatric fractures specialist in Pune.
Fractures in Greenstick
Greenstick fractures are common in children because their bones are still forming. Similar to a green twig, these fractures develop when the bone bends and partially breaks. Children’s bones are soft and malleable, allowing for this unusual sort of fracture. The forearm and shinbone are frequently impacted. Greenstick fracture symptoms may include discomfort, swelling, tenderness, and trouble utilising the affected limb. Treatment usually consists of immobilisation with a cast or splint to let the bone heal properly.
Fractures of the Buckle (or Torus)
Buckle fractures are common in young children, most commonly in the wrist or forearm. These fractures develop when the exterior layer of the bone compresses or buckles while the interior layer remains intact. Falling into an outstretched hand is a typical cause of buckle fractures. Pain, oedema, and reduced mobility are all possible symptoms. For several weeks, the patient is immobilised with a cast or splint to allow the bone to recover.
Fractures in the Growth Plate
In youngsters, a soft area found at the ends of long bones where bone growth occurs is known as a growth plate. Growth plate fractures are more common in teens and can impair bone growth and development if not treated effectively. These fractures occur when the growth plate breaks or cracks. Pain, swelling, and trouble utilising the injured limb are all possible symptoms. Depending on the degree of the fracture, treatment may include casting, splinting, or, in extreme circumstances, surgical intervention. Regular monitoring is essential to guarantee normal bone formation and growth.
Fractures of the Distal Radius
Distal radius fractures are common in older children and teenagers, and they are usually caused by a fall onto an outstretched hand. These fractures are caused by a break in the radius which is the bone around the wrist. Pain, swelling, deformity, and trouble moving the wrist are all possible symptoms. For more complicated fractures, treatment options range from casting to straightening the bone to surgical intervention. Physical therapy and rehabilitation are frequently required for complete healing and restoration of wrist function.
Fractures of the Clavicle (collarbone)
Clavicle fractures are common in babies during labour and in older children as a result of falls, sports injuries, or accidents. The clavicle is a long bone that connects the shoulder and chest. Clavicle fracture symptoms include pain, oedema, and limited shoulder movement. The bone is usually immobilised with a sling or figure-eight brace to let it heal spontaneously. In some circumstances, surgery may be required to realign the bone in order for it to mend properly.
Prevention & Care
Creating a secure atmosphere, overseeing activities, and fostering healthy behaviors are all part of preventing fractures in children. Using age-appropriate safety equipment during sports, providing good playground surfaces, childproofing the home, and teaching children about risk awareness and safety practices are some preventive strategies. If a fracture is detected, get immediate medical assistance and follow healthcare expert advice for immobilisation, medicine, and rehabilitation. Regular check-ins and monitoring are essential for ensuring complete recovery and addressing any potential issues.
Fractures are common injuries in children, but the impact on a child’s well-being can be minimised with adequate understanding, prevention, and treatment. Recognising the most frequent types of fractures, as well as their causes and symptoms, can help parents respond more effectively. Children can recover entirely and continue to enjoy their playful lifestyles by adopting preventive steps and receiving appropriate treatment from the best Pediatric Orthopaedic doctor in Pune. Remember that safety and vigilance are essential for lowering the risk of fractures and encouraging children’s healthy growth and development.