Anaemia is the most common illness in India, affects 65% of women and 55% of children. Surya Hospital Hematology clinic specialise in the treatment of various blood problems such as anaemia. We pledge to provide you with a thorough explanation of anaemias, its causes, its many forms, typical symptoms, and treatment options accessible at our institution.
What exactly are Anaemias?
Anaemias are a set of blood illnesses characterised by a reduction in the number of red blood cells or low haemoglobin content in the blood. Haemoglobin is in charge of transporting oxygen from the lungs to various regions of the body. When the body does not produce enough red blood cells or haemoglobin, it produces a variety of symptoms and health concerns.
Anaemias are caused by the following factors:
- Inadequate iron intake or iron absorption, which is required for red blood cell formation.
- Inadequate amounts of vitamins such as vitamin B12 or folate, are required for red blood cell formation.
- Chronic conditions, such as kidney disease, cancer, and autoimmune disorders, can all interfere with red blood cell production.
- Certain genetic illnesses, such as thalassemia and sickle cell disease, can induce red blood cell abnormalities.
- Damage or malfunction of the bone marrow can impair the formation of healthy red blood cells.
Anaemias are classified as follows:
There are various varieties of anaemia, each with its own set of causes and symptoms. Some examples of frequent types are:
- Iron-deficiency anaemia: This is the most prevalent type of anaemia and develops when the body does not have enough iron for red blood cell formation.
- Vitamin-deficiency anaemias: These are caused by a lack of vitamins required for red blood cell formation, such as vitamin B12 or folate.
- Hemolytic anaemias: They occur when red blood cells are destroyed quicker than they can be created, resulting in a reduction in their number.
- Aplastic anaemia: Aplastic anaemia arises when the bone marrow fails to make enough new red blood cells.
Anaemia symptoms might vary based on the type and severity of the disorder. However, some frequent symptoms are as follows:
- Fatigue and weakness: Caused by a shortage of oxygen reaching the tissues of the body.
- Pale skin and nail beds: A decrease in red blood cells causes a paler appearance.
- Shortness of breath: A lack of oxygen can induce shortness of breath, especially during vigorous activity.
- Rapid or irregular heartbeat: The heart works harder to compensate for the blood’s decreased oxygen-carrying capability.
- Dizziness and light-headedness: These symptoms can be caused by a lack of oxygen to the brain.
- Cold hands and feet: Coldness can be caused by a decrease in blood supply to the extremities.
Surya Hospital’s Hematology clinic provides a complete range of anaemia treatment options. The kind, severity, and underlying cause of the anaemia will determine the specific treatment plan. Among the most prevalent treatment methods are:
- Iron and vitamin supplementation: If anaemia is caused by a nutrient deficiency, oral or intravenous supplements may be administered to supply the required nutrients.
- Transfusions of blood: A blood transfusion may be required in severe cases or during acute episodes to restore healthy levels of red blood cells and haemoglobin.
- Medication: Some drugs can promote red blood cell production or treat underlying disorders that contribute to anaemia.
- A bone marrow transplant may be explored in cases of severe aplastic anaemia or other bone marrow abnormalities to replace damaged or defective bone marrow with healthy cells.
We recognise the impact anaemias can have on your entire health and well-being. Our expert staff is committed to providing accurate diagnosis, personalised treatment strategies, and continuing support throughout your journey. If you or a loved one is experiencing anaemic symptoms or if you require any additional information, please contact us. We can work together to help you overcome anaemia and enhance your quality of life.