Early Childhood Development – Understanding the Milestones

Child development is the physical, mental, psychological and emotional growth that each individual experiences from birth to adulthood. It is a continuous process which passes through many stages. The developmental course is unique for each child and is affected by the genetic, environmental, social and biological factors. Developmental milestones are changes in physical, social, language or…
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What is Cerebral Palsy? (CP)

Cerebral palsy is a neurological condition which is caused by damage to the developing brain that disrupts the brain’s ability to control movement and maintain posture and balance. What are the symptoms of Cerebral Palsy? Children with CP exhibit a wide variety of symptoms, including: stiff or tight muscles  (spasticity) weakness in one or more…
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What Every Parent Needs to Know About the Flu?

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Children under the age of 5 are more likely to be hospitalized from influenza complications than those in other age groups. Annual flu vaccines are the best way to protect your child and family from the flu.

Seasonal Flu

Seasonal influenza is a contagious, but preventable, respiratory illness that can be dangerous for young children. Every year, approximately 20,000 children under the age of 5 are hospitalized because of complications from the flu, with some developing serious health problems such as pneumonia or bacterial infections. Although deaths are rare, dozens of children die from flu complications every flu seasons.

Common Cold Versus Flu

While influenza and the common cold are both caused by respiratory viruses, flu symptoms are significantly more severe. Although both illnesses can produce congestion, runny noses and coughs, flu symptoms often also include high fever (over 102°F), body aches, sore throat, vomiting and diarrhoea.

First Aid: Common Cold

Treatment is Not Always Needed

If symptoms aren’t bothering your child, they don’t need medicine or home remedies. Many children with a cough or nasal congestion are happy, play, normally and sleep peacefully. Only treat symptoms if they cause discomfort, interrupt sleep or really bother your child (hacking cough, for example).

Easing Discomfort

You can ease the discomfort using the following:

  • Acetaminophen or ibuprofen as needed (check correct dosage appropriate for weight with the doctor)
  • A cool-mist humidifier or steamy bathroom
  • Saline (saltwater) drops for the nostrils
  • Gentle suction of nasal mucus using a bulb syringe when necessary
  • Offer lots of fluids (breast milk or formula for babies: water and warm fluids for older kids - but no caffeinated beverages).

Seeking Medical Care

Seek medical care if your child:

  • Has severe cough spasms or attacks, wheezing or stridor (an almost – musical sound when inhaling)
  • Has a cough that last 3 weeks, gets worse, happens the same time every year, or seems caused by something specific (such as pollen, dust, pets etc)
  • Has a persistent fever for more than 48 hours
  • Is younger than 3 months old and has fever with a cough
  • Is breathing fast or working hard to breathe
  • Has a blue or dusky colour in the lips, face or tongue during or after coughing


Hand-washing, covering coughs and using alcohol – based gels can help stop the virus from spreading, but the most effective approach for prevention is the flu vaccine.

Unlike some viruses, influenza viruses vary from season to season. While some vaccinations provide life time protection against a particular disease, a new flu vaccine is formulated every year to contain the strains expected to be most common during the upcoming seasons.

Children with the flu should not go back to school until at least 24 hours after they no longer have a fever. children at higher risk of developing complications (such as those with asthma) and children with severe symptoms (such as trouble breathing or dehydration) should be examined by their paediatricians. They may receive anti – viral medications such as Tamiflu.

When to Vaccinate?

Flu seasons typically runs between late October and March. Children should receive the flu vaccine as soon as it becomes available as it takes about two weeks for the vaccine to develop flu – fighting antibodies. Your paediatrician can provide your child with vaccination services. Rare side effects include soreness or redness at the injection site, hoarseness, red eyes, cough and mild fever lasting one to two days. the flu vaccine, however, cannot make a child sick with the flu.


Surya group of hospitals are a pioneer in modern healthcare services for women and children since 1985. We offer cutting-edge facilities along with a staff that’s highly acclaimed in their field. To book an appointment with Dr. Sonal Saste and know more about influenza and common cold in children, call our helpline on 022-61538989 and book an appointment.

Blood, Marrow, And an Introduction to Leukaemia

What is Blood? Blood is a mixture of plasma and cells. Plasma is largely composed of water with dissolved proteins (albumin), hormones, minerals (iron), vitamins and antibodies. Cells include red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. White blood cells are neutrophils, monocytes, eosinophils, basophils and lymphocytes. Red cells are the oxygen carrying cells in…
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8 Frequently Asked Questions About Febrile Seizures

Febrile seizures are convulsions (severe shaking of the body) that occur in a child who is between six months and six years of age and has a temperature greater than 100.4ºF (38ºC). Most febrile seizures last a minute or two, but they can range from a few seconds to more than 15 minutes. Here are some of the most…
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9 Questions to Ask Before Starting Complementary Feeding

Complementary feeding is the process of feeding foods other than mother’s milk for meeting his or her nutritional requirements. This process starts when breast milk alone is no longer sufficient for the infant, and hence other foods and liquids are needed. But before starting complementary feeding for your baby, make sure you ask these questions to your…
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Hear from the Experts: All You Need to Know About Fibroids

Fibroids are some of the most common reproductive systems tumours women experience. They are also known as uterine myomas, leiomyomas, and fibromas. On average, 20-50% of women between the ages of 13 and 50 have fibroids. However, not all large enough to be detected during a physical examination. Below are some of the common questions…
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Childhood Epilepsy: What You Need to Know

Epilepsy is a neurological condition (affecting the brain and nervous system) where a person has a tendency to have recurrent seizures that start in the brain without acute provocation. The brain is made up of millions of nerve cells that use electrical signals to control the body’s functions, senses and thoughts. If electric signals are…
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Experts Speak – Dr. Neeta Warty: FAQs on Endometriosis

Endometriosis is one of the most common conditions gynecologists encounter during their practice. Classic studies indicate that 25-50% of infertile women have endometriosis and 30-50% of women with endometriosis are infertile. This disease affects all aspects of a woman’s reproductive system and can even cause spontaneous miscarriages. Below are some of the questions about endometriosis…
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