Colposcopy Procedure : Best Female Gynecologist in Mumbai
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The Ins and Outs of the Colposcopy Procedure

Colposcopy Procedure

Written by Surya Hospital



Routine screenings and examinations for women’s health are critical for early detection and prevention of any problems. Colposcopy is one such procedure that is essential in the field of gynecological health. We will go into the intricacies of the colposcopy technique in this detailed guide, providing light on what it comprises, why it is done, what to expect during the colposcopy procedure, and much more. By the end of this essay, you’ll have a firm grasp on this critical diagnostic tool that may help you preserve your health.

What is a Colposcopy?

A colposcopy is a medical technique that allows healthcare specialists to examine the cervix, vagina, and vulva of a woman. It is usually advised when there are abnormal Pap test findings, or when particular symptoms, such as atypical bleeding or pelvic pain, raise worries about the reproductive organs’ health.

Why is it being done?

Colposcopy Performs Several Important Functions:

  • Atypical Pap smear Follow-up: If your Pap smear results are abnormal, a colposcopy is usually conducted to provide a more complete view and identify any potential problems.
  • Symptom Evaluation: Women who have symptoms such as vaginal bleeding after menopause, chronic pelvic pain, or atypical discharge may benefit from colposcopy to determine the underlying reason.
  • Cervical Cancer Screening: Colposcopy procedure is used as a cervical cancer screening method, particularly when earlier tests show abnormalities.
  • Biopsy: If worrisome regions are discovered during a colposcopy, a biopsy may be performed to evaluate whether they are malignant or pre-cancerous. 

Preparing for a Colposcopy

There are a few crucial things to remember before the procedure:

  • Scheduling: Plan your colposcopy while you are not menstruating, as accurate results can be more difficult to obtain during your period.
  • Medications: Inform your healthcare practitioner about any drugs you are currently taking, since some may need to be temporarily stopped prior to the surgery.
  • Before the colposcopy, it is critical to maintain appropriate hygiene in the genital area. Tampons, douches, and vaginal creams should be avoided for at least 24 hours before the appointment.

The Colposcopy Procedure

  1. Registration

Arrive at the clinic or hospital as directed on the day of your visit. You may be required to produce a urine sample, so ensure your bladder is full.

  1. Organization

You will be required to undress from the waist down and put on a gown. Then, similar to a pelvic exam, you’ll lie on an examination table with your feet in stirrups.

  1. Insertion of a Speculum

A speculum will be inserted into your vagina to separate the vaginal walls, allowing for better vision of the cervix.

  1. Vinegar Solution Application

The cervix is treated with an acetic acid solution (similar to vinegar). This solution highlights any aberrant spots by turning them white when exposed to it.

  1. Colposcope Inspection

The colposcope is a specialized magnifying tool with a light source for examining the cervix. It does not come into contact with your body but delivers an enhanced view of the cervix.

  1. Biopsy (if required)

If any suspicious spots are discovered during the colposcopy, your healthcare professional may collect a small tissue sample (biopsy) for additional testing in a laboratory. This is usually done with a little device known as a curette.

After the colposcopy procedure, the speculum is withdrawn and you can dress back. Following that, you may feel slight cramping or spotting.

What Happens During a Colposcopy?

A colposcopy is normally a painless procedure, but it’s natural to be nervous. Here’s what to expect:

  • Mild Discomfort: When the speculum is inserted, you may feel some mild discomfort or pressure. Deep breathing exercises can assist you in relaxing.
  • Vinegar Resolvent Sensation: When the solution is applied to the cervix, you may experience a little burning or tingling sensation, which normally lasts only a few seconds.
  • The complete treatment usually takes between 10 and 20 minutes.
  • Biopsy Sensation: If you have a biopsy, you may feel a pinch or some cramping, but this is usually very temporary.

Following the Colposcopy

You can normally resume your normal activities after the procedure. However, the following should be noted:

  • Tampons and Intercourse Should Be Avoided: To allow your cervix to heal, stop wearing tampons and engaging in sexual intercourse for a few days after the procedure.
  • Discharge and Spotting: Some vaginal discharge and spotting is usual for a few days after the colposcopy.
  • Results: Your medical professional will go through the results with you and recommend any necessary follow-up, such as additional tests or treatments.


Colposcopy is a relatively risk-free procedure. There is, however, a minor risk of infection or bleeding, especially if a biopsy is conducted. Contact your healthcare practitioner right away if you develop significant bleeding, severe pain, or signs of infection (such as fever).


A colposcopy is an important diagnostic tool for determining the health of a woman’s reproductive organs, notably the cervix. If your doctor advises a colposcopy, you must schedule the procedure as soon as possible. Early diagnosis of anomalies can result in early actions and improved outcomes.

Remember that, while a colposcopy may appear a little overwhelming, it is a routine procedure and a technique that is often well-tolerated. Open communication with your healthcare physician, understanding the process, and knowing what to expect can all help to alleviate any worry. Regular screenings and prompt medical attention by the best female gynecologist in Mumbai are critical measures in maintaining your gynecological health and general well-being.