Pregnancy is usually a natural, risk-free, and cherished process for expecting mothers. However, sometimes certain complications can put the health of the mother, baby, or both in jeopardy. In such instances, the pregnancy becomes risky for the life of the mother and baby. Hence, the name high-risk pregnancy.
What is a high-risk pregnancy?
A high-risk pregnancy causes potential medical complications for the mother, baby, or both. While medical attention and continuous monitoring can help in planning birth for high-risk pregnancy, yet the entire experience becomes difficult and overwhelming.
Looking at the current lifestyle and choices, high-risk pregnancy has turned more common. A lot of women either struggle to deliver naturally or are faced with medical complications during their pregnancy. On the other hand, a lot of women are not even aware of what a high-risk pregnancy is about.
Hence, this article is for all those mothers who are planning, expecting, or going through a high-risk pregnancy.
Who is Prone to High-Risk Pregnancy?
While a high-risk pregnancy doesn’t come with a check sheet, yet it mainly occurs in older women or women with previous medical complications. The women who are at higher risk are:
1. Older age, that is, beyond 35 years of age.
3. Past medical conditions such as high blood pressure, kidney and lung problems, diabetes, or sexually transmitted disease.
4. Thyroid disorder.
5. History of pre-eclampsia.
6. Previous history of miscarriage or failed pregnancy.
Signs and Symptoms During High-Risk Pregnancy
Pregnancy has varied symptoms that are unusual and cannot be understood. However, certain symptoms during pregnancy should be looked out for. These include:
1. Vaginal bleeding.
2. Pain or cramps in the abdomen.
3. Vaginal discharge.
4. Pain or burning during urination.
5. Regular or frequent contractions in the abdomen.
6. Constant headaches.
7. Blurred vision.
8. Persistent nausea or vomiting.
9. Chills or fever.
10. Less foetal activity.
11. Pre-eclampsia include headache, blurred vision, swelling of the face, feet, or hands.
The above symptoms ask for immediate medical attention for High-Risk Pregnancy Treatment. Hence, even a minor discomfort to the pregnant woman should be taken care of and consulted immediately to the specialist.
Managing High-Risk Pregnancy
Pregnancy in itself requires special medical care and attention. It involves taking proper care of the mother in terms of correct medical guidance and support. Similarly, a high-risk pregnancy asks for much individualized medical care and attention to protect the life of the mother and the baby. Managing high-risk pregnancies is difficult and overwhelming. However, proper steps and guidance can help both mother and baby to lead a risk-free life. These include:
1. Consult a Gynaecologist Before Getting Pregnant
Before planning pregnancy, it is important to consult a gynaecologist or a High-risk Pregnancy Specialist. The doctor will conduct a thorough examination and provide a suggestion as per individual health conditions. For instance, the doctor may encourage to attain a healthy weight or start folic or prenatal vitamins for the development of a foetus. In case of a medical condition, the doctor may also adjust treatment or change the existing treatment plan. Additionally, the doctor may also consider previous pregnancies. Overall, the pregnancy planned with inputs from a gynaecologist ensures the safety of both mother and child.
2. Test for Genetic Disorders or Birth Defects
Aside from planning or getting yourself checked by a gynaecologist, it is also important to discuss the required tests to prevent abnormalities in the baby. Ultrasound of the foetus or other non-invasive tests helps in identifying genetic disorders or birth defects in the early stages of pregnancy.
3. Treat Existing Medical Conditions
Pre-existing medical conditions including kidney disorders, high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disorder affect the health of the mother & baby negatively. Hence, it is crucial to take note of existing medical conditions, consult a doctor at the Best High-Risk Pregnancy Hospital in Pune, and treat them before planning pregnancy.
4. Change in Lifestyle
A high-risk pregnancy is a result of a sedentary or unhealthy lifestyle. Certain changes in the lifestyle including a healthy diet, avoiding alcohol or cigarettes, sleeping well, and exercising can help in maintaining the health of mother and baby.
Delivery During High-Risk Pregnancy
A high-risk pregnancy does not necessarily mean that the delivery will be challenging than a low-risk pregnancy. However, it does mean that you take additional precautions when it comes to delivery. You need to select a hospital that holds expertise in dealing with high-risk pregnancies and offers comprehensive care to babies. A hospital with a state-of-the-art neonatal intensive care unit, paediatric intensive care unit and advanced child care is best suited for high-risk deliveries. Having all of these services in one place ensures the health of both mother and the baby.
While high-risk pregnancies can be difficult, yet advanced planning, proper care, and precautions can safeguard the health of the mother and the child